An undertaking is allowed to engage in the carriage of passengers by coach or bus on the basis of a special permit (licence) issued by the Road Transport Administration.
A special permit (licence) entitles carriers to carry passengers only by coaches or buses owned or held by them, or by coaches or buses owned by other persons, pursuant to Cabinet Regulation No 339 of 17 May 2005 establishing procedures permitting the carriage of passengers and goods by motor vehicles owned by other persons.
General requirements for obtaining a special permit (licence):
(In accordance with requirements established by Regulation No 1071/2009, as amended by Regulation No 2020/1055)
Transport manager (Article 4 of the Regulation):
The undertaking must designate a person who effectively and continuously manages the transport activities of the undertaking and who holds a Certificate of Professional Competence valid in Latvia, EU member states or EEA member states. The transport manager must have a genuine link to the undertaking (as an employee, director, owner or shareholder) or administer the undertaking, or, if the undertaking is a natural person (a sole trader), it must be that person and be permanently resident in the Community.
Conditions relating to the requirement of establishment (Article 5 of the Regulation):
The undertaking must have premises in Latvia at which it keeps the originals of its core business documents, whether in electronic or any other form, in particular its transport contracts, documents relating to the vehicles at the disposal of the undertaking, accounting documents, personnel management documents, labour contracts, social security documents, documents containing data on the dispatching and posting of drivers, documents containing data relating to cabotage, driving time and rest periods, and any other document to which the competent authority must have access in order to verify the undertaking’s compliance with the conditions laid down in the Regulation.
The undertaking must organise its vehicle fleet’s activity in such a way as to ensure that vehicles that are at the disposal of the undertaking and are used for international carriage operations return to one of the operational centres in that member state at least within 8 weeks after leaving it.
Conditions relating to the requirement of good repute (Article 6 of the Regulation):
The undertaking, its legal representatives or the transport manager must not have convictions or penalties for any serious infringement of rules in the fields of:
- commercial law;
- insolvency law;
- pay and employment conditions in the profession;
- road traffic;
- professional liability;
- human or drug trafficking;
- tax law.
The transport manager or a transport undertaking must not in one or more member state(s) have been convicted of a serious criminal offence or incurred a penalty for one of the most serious infringements of Community rules specified in Annex IV to Regulation No 1071/2009, relating in particular to:
- the driving time and rest periods of drivers, working time and the installation and use of recording equipment;
- the maximum weights and dimensions of commercial vehicles used in international traffic;
- the initial qualification and continuous training of drivers;
- the roadworthiness of commercial vehicles, including the compulsory technical inspection of motor vehicles;
- access to the market in the international carriage of goods or, as appropriate, access to the market in the international transport of passengers;
- safety in the carriage of dangerous goods by road;
- the installation and use of speed-limiting devices in certain categories of vehicle;
- driving licences;
- admission to the occupation;
- animal transport;
- posting of employees for work related to road transport;
- rules applicable to contractual obligations;
Conditions relating to the requirement of financial standing (Article 7 of the Regulation):
The undertaking must demonstrate, on the basis of annual accounts certified by an auditor or a duly accredited person, that, every year, it has at its disposal capital and reserves with a total value of at least:
- EUR 9 000 for the first vehicle used;
- EUR 5 000 for each additional vehicle used;
A certificate of the undertaking’s financial standing may also comprise a guarantee of a bank (banks) or a balance sheet drawn up (dated) within 3 months before submitting the application for a special permit (licence). If an undertaking submitted the application for a special permit (licence) within 3 months of registering the undertaking in the Register of Enterprises of the Republic of Latvia, the registered capital of at least the amount specified in Article 7 of Regulation No 1071/2009 may be used as proof of financial security of the undertaking.
Sole traders, fisheries and farms may use their property as proof of financial security; if no annual accounts for the previous year were submitted to the State Revenue Service, the value of the property must be indicated.
To engage in the carriage of passengers in Latvia, a licence card must be obtained for each vehicle.
To engage in the international carriage of passengers by coach or bus, a Community licence must also be obtained for the undertaking and a copy of the Community licence must be obtained for each vehicle.
Before applying for a special permit (licence), a state fee of EUR 22.00 must be paid from the undertaking’s bank account, pursuant to Cabinet Regulation No 146 on the state fee for the issue of a special permit (licence) for the commercial carriage of goods by motor vehicle. The state fee must be paid to the following account of the State Treasury LV15TREL1060000921900, Registration number: 90000050138, BIC code: TRELLV22.
A special permit (licence) is issued electronically by means of a record in the Road haulier database, with respective information being made public on the website of the Road Transport Administration. A licence is issued for a period of 10 years. Information about the issue of a licence is sent to the email specified in the haulier’s application.
Documents to be submitted:
- an application;
- a certified true copy of the Certificate of Professional Competence valid in EU member states or EEA member states, except where the certificate is issued in Latvia;
- information relating to the financial standing of the undertaking demonstrating the availability of at least EUR 9 000 per bus or coach, if this information cannot be obtained from the Register of Enterprises of the Republic of Latvia.